23-01-2013 Nordic Energy Technology Perspectives The report identifies five central challenges that the Nordic countries face in achieving a carbon-neutral energy system. Other countries seeking to radically transform their energy systems should take note.
■■ Energy efficiency improvement remains a priority policy area. Policies to ensure rapid and sustained energy efficiency improvements will be necessary in all scenarios, especially in buildings and industry.
■■ Infrastructure development will be a critical policy challenge. The significant need for new infrastructure in electricity grids and generation will not only pose technological and financing challenges, but will also require social acceptance.
■■ Carbon capture and storage (CCS) plays an important role, especially in industry. Progress in this technology has been slow and uncoordinated between countries. Governments must scale-up policy action for this technology to realise its full potential.
■■ Bioenergy will be the single largest energy carrier in 2050, raising questions over its supply. The Carbon Neutral Scenario projects a net import of bioenergy to the Nordic region, making sustainability criteria all the more important.
■■ Nordic co-operation is a prerequisite to reducing the cost in achieving the scenarios. Regional co-operation in infrastructure development, RD&D and in strategies for transport and CCS would offer significant benefits.
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11-01-2013 Strategic Energy Solutions - A Case Study of the Öresund Region “Strategic Energy Solutions” is the final report on energy solutions for a zero emission Öresund region. It consists of numerous solutions that have been, or can be, applied in the region in order to minimise the environmental impact of the energy sector. Additionally it includes a case study of energy transition projects on Lolland Island in Denmark.
The report seeks to provide recommendations for future strategic energy planning of the Energi Öresund project - a European Union Interreg IVA funded cross-border co-operation between municipalities, energy companies and universities across the Öresund region. This report is the outcome of the Strategic Environmental Development (SED) course at the International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics (IIIEE) at Lund University in Sweden.
The authors are Master’s students of the Erasmus Mundus funded MESPOM programme.
Paulina Aguilera, Sarah Beckham Hooff, Natalie Cheong, Hilda Maria Gutiérrez, Alex Leshchynskyy, Rowena Mathew, Amelia Mutter, Jacob Policzer, Sonja Radmilovic, Janice Kei-Yau Sin, Birgitta Stefánsdóttir, Leonie Sterk, Christine Sum, & Paroma Wagle
International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics [IIIEE]. (2012). Strategic Energy Solutions – A Case Study of the Öresund Region. Lund: IIIEE.
09-10-2012 Carrots, Sticks, Tigers and Wheels A Case Study of Municipal Governance for Energy Efficiency in New Buildings in the Öresund Region
The Öresund Region, comprising areas of Sweden and Denmark, is involved in a process of sustainable urban transformation. The region has high ambitions in terms of carbon emissions reduction and has set itself steep targets to meet over the next 15-20 years. The energy consumption of buildings accounts for a significant proportion of carbon emissions. With the urban areas of the Öresund Region expanding rapidly, energy efficiency in new urban developments has been identified by regional municipalities as a key target area in their climate change mitigation strategies. However, while the Öresund Region is a leader in Europe in terms of energy efficient urban development, developments still struggle to fully realise their technological potential.
Thesis for the fulfilment of the
Master of Science in Environmental Management and Policy
Lund, Sweden, September 2012
05-10-2012 City Ranking for the Öresund Region A way forward to improve environmental performance and regional collaboration
The world around us is urbanising at a faster rate than ever. Today more than 70 per cent of the European population lives in urban areas, especially small and medium-sized cities. Often, cities are the centres of economic growth. In the context of urban pollution and climate change, cities are at the core of European policies due to their ability to be the ‘places’ where solutions and innovations emerge. Cities compete with each other to attract investors and inhabitants, and showcase their best features. In this aspect, ranking systems provide a tool to benchmark their work, divulge comparative advantages, and define future targets and developmental strategies. This research is aimed at understanding the existing environmental ranking systems in Europe and investigating how these ranking systems can help cities in the Öresund region to improve their environmental performnace and regional collaboration.
Thesis for the fulfilment of the
Master of Science in Environmental Management and Policy
Lund, Sweden, September 2012
27-06-2012 Public Participation in Renewable Energy Infrastructure Projects - A comparison between the Copenhagen and Malmø regions This project has its point of departure in the public’s lack of support towards renewable energy infrastructure projects, which makes it difficult to fulfill local and national renewable energy targets. Given this problematic, within the scope of the EnergiØresund Research Programme, this project focuses on the research and analysis of public participation processes in wind energy infrastructure projects, examining two cases of offshore wind farms: Middelgrunden in Denmark and Lillgrund in Sweden. To accomplish this we based our study in a qualitative research methodology using the following methods: document analysis, case study research and interview research.
M.Sc. In Environmental Management and Sustainability Science
June 7th, 2012
27-06-2012 Wind and Flexibility in the Øresund Region Most national, regional and municipal visions affecting the Øresund regional energy system can be boiled down to one single aspiration: The achievement of a fossil free energy system. A considerable part of this aspiration will -‐‑ according to the visions -‐‑ be achieved by increased wind power production. This thesis analyses the potential impacts of an increased share of wind power in the Nordic electricity system, and considers how different flexible options could counterbalance wind power in an Øresund regional context. The main objective is to highlight important trends, uncertainties and options to be considered, when making choices for a more flexible energy system in the Øresund Region. These trends and uncertainties are brought forward with inspiration from the method of Trendmapping, while the method of Backcasting has been the inspiration for seeking out combinations of flexible options, with a special focus on thermal energy storage (TES) and large-‐‑scale flexible production options. It is concluded that the increased share of wind power in combination with an inflexible combined heat and power (CHP) production to a minor extent already stimulate fluctuating power prices and outmatch thermal power production. This impact is likely to be enhanced over time and heat prices could also be affected. The more significant the differences are between high and low power prices, and the higher the heat prices are, the higher is also the potential for flexible options like TES. It is suggested to implement large-‐‑scale heat pumps in combination with the already existing tank thermal energy storages at the CHP facilities and to upscale the use of TES in order to support the flexibility of the total energy system and of renewable energy sources such as geothermal energy and solar energy.
MAJA BAUNGAARD JENSEN
MASTER THESIS, SPRING 2012
TEKSAM, ENSPAC, ROSKILDE UNIVERSITY
10-05-2012 The role of large‐scale heat pumps for short term integration of renewable energy In general two types of heat pump technologies exist – absorption heat pumps (using external heat like steam, flue gas, hot water etc.) and compressor heat pumps (using electricity) – but only the compressor heat pumps are efficient in terms of integrating more intermittent renewable energy in the energy system. Absorption heat pumps are also important in a renewable energy system to increase the share of renewable energy in the district heating production, but serve the purpose of e.g. enabling the use of geothermal energy. In this report only compressor heat pumps are included.
10-05-2012 What Lies Beneath - Two examples of Large Scale Borehole TES in Sweden and Canada Buildings are intensive users of energy for heating, cooling, and lighting. With the recognition of climate change and current high energy prices, there are strong environmental and economic cases for improvements in energy use for buildings. This can be accomplished through reducing demand by improving efficiency, as well as increasing supply by allowing buildings to generate their own energy. Shallow geothermal systems are a method for achieving the lat- ter. Although most often used for single unit homes, several large-scale applications of the technology do now exist. Perhaps two of the best examples are in Canada and Sweden. Each is described here, as well as the political and economic context in which they were developed. Although from different parts of the globe, 10 common conclusions can be drawn to offer recommendations for planners of future projects.
Funding for this report was provided in part by Energi Öresund, a cross-border cooperation between Danish and Swedish municipalities, energy companies, and universities that have a common goal to work with strategic energy planning.
Energi Öresund is a partner of the European Union’s Interegg IVA.
23-12-2011 Energy Futures Øresund Bridging the Gaps to a Greener Tomorrow “Energy Futures Øresund” is the final report on the energy system of the Øresund Region. It comprises a regional overview of the current state and trends of selected energy systems, discussions on potential technological solutions to overcome barriers and an analysis of the energy strategy of the island Bornholm.
25-11-2011 Erfaringer med energiförbrug i lavenergibyggnader Per-Johan Wik, Energikontoret Skåne (tovholder), Staffan Branting, Kristianstad Kommun, Sannah Grüner, Köpenhamns Energi och Ole Lögtholt Pedersen, Albertslunds kommun har fått i uppgift att jämföra beräknade värden av energianvändningen med uppmätta värden av den verkliga energianvändningen i lågenergibyggnader i Danmark och Sverige. En del i uppdraget är också att utifrån gjorda observationer dra slutsatser inom området för Öresundsregionen.
20-09-2011 Framework conditions and public regulation for wind turbines in the Øresund Region In both Sweden and Denmark objectives for introducing more renewable energy including wind power production into the energy system have been drawn by the governments. In Denmark the objective is to increase the amount of renewable energy to 33% in 2020 and in Sweden the objective is 49% renewable energy in 2020 (Danish Government, 2011), (Swedish Government, 2011).
The price of the electricity produced by wind turbines is one of the crucial factors if an increased amount of wind power production has to be implemented and it is therefore necessary to support the owners of the wind turbines economically.
However, there is a difference between the form of support achieved in Sweden and in Denmark, which will be described below. Further to a description of organization and ownership, other framework conditions and key requirements for setting up wind turbines will be carried out. The paper will only describe the conditions in Denmark and Sweden without making any comparisons.